Complete Guide to Fixing Permission Issues in Plesk Onyx 12

Complete Guide to Fixing Permission Issues in Plesk Onyx 12

When managing a website or a web app, it’s important to give the right permissions to the right users. Otherwise, there’s a high security cost to be paid. If you’ve built your website on Plesk Onyx 12, you should know how to set and change the permissions. It can be easily done from the control panel. You can see the permission status for each file and directory in the file explorer’s Permission column. There are three columns, and each column tells us the following:



First column - The abilities of the owner to modify the files/directory

Second column - The abilities of the user group, file, or directory to make the modification

Third column - The abilities of other users and everyone visiting the site to modify the file or directory



You’ll notice the permission column has three sets of symbols like rwx or rwx r and so on. R means permission to read, W means permission to write, and X means permission to execute. With that said, let’s see how you can change permissions for each file or directory. You can do that in two ways: by Plesk GUI and Plesk Command Line. We’ll first look at Plesk GUI.



Set and Change Permission Using Plesk GUI



If you want to work with the Graphical User Interface, here are the steps to follow:



Visit the URL of your control panel

On the left, click on the ‘Domains’ tab

From the list, select the domain you want to tweak the permissions for

Then, click on the tab that reads ‘Websites and Domains’

Then, click on ‘File Manager’

Then, click on ‘root’ of the directory

Scroll till you come across ‘httpdocs’and then right-click on root of the directory. It will open up a context menu

From the menu list, tap on ‘Change Permissions’

Once the page loads, ensure that users who are supposed to make changes to the file or directory have all the permissions. For this, click on the user (it could be the root), and then tick on the ‘Full Control’ box in the right sidebar. Review the permission for other users at other places and make necessary changes

Now go into ‘Tools and Settings’ and click on ‘Restart Server’ which would restart the server



Changing Permission Using Plesk Command Line



If you prefer using the command line instead of GUI, then here are the steps you need to follow:



Open Plesk Repair Tool

Run scans to check for issues and then select the issues you want to fix

Then run the following command in the CLI:

Plesk repair all

Select the default values to allow fixes of your server



And that’s done.



Once done, it’s important to keep the server updated and upgrade whenever a new version of a software is made avaiable. So periodically, run the following commands:



sudo apt-get upgrades

sudo apt-get updates



Also, keep updating the permissions and check the server’s access logs. If you find any discrepancies, inform the hosting provider or take necessary precautions.
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